Klok & klepel

A Dutch proverb meaning that one is talking about something they hardly understand.

spreekwoord = proverb
klok = clock, or in this case: bell (also “bel”)
horen = to hear
luiden = to sound
weet = know(s) (from “weten” (to know))
klepel = clapper (a hammer hanging inside a bell)

Hope this helps!

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Straatbeeld

Last week, I made a mistake in the announcement. I wrote (and said) “vervoersmiddelen”, but it is “vervoermiddelen”, so no “s”.
I rectify it in this video!

naast = besides / in addition to
auto’s = cars (again with a ‘s in the plural, since the word auto ends in a vowel)
fietsen = bicycle / bike
brommers = moped
kinderwagens = baby transport / buggy / pram / stroller (literally: kinder = child + wagen (wagon))
rolschaatsen = roller skates
vervoermiddelen = means of transport
straatbeeld = street scape (“beeld” means image)

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Luchtvaart

Yesterday we had “scheepvaart”, today we have “luchtvaart”! Up, up and away!

The wordlist:

luchtvaart = aviation (literally: “lucht” (air) + “vaart” (pace)) vervoer = transport
goederen = goods / wares
dampkring = atmosphere (“atmosfeer” is also used, similar pronunciation as english)
gebeurt = happens
vaak = often
vliegtuigen = planes (literally: “vlieg” (fly) + tuig (machine, although the word “tuig” has several meanings)
soms = sometimes
ook =also
voertuigen = vehicles

Hope this helps!

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Nautische termen

We’re not really not talking about the vehicles today. But the dutch word for “boat” is pretty much said the same, only written as boot.
The same maritime history also lead to private corporations owning colonies and all the “fun” which comes with that.

uitgebreide = extensive
geschiedenis = history (“historie” works as well)
tevens = additionally / furthermore
termen = terms
het Nederlands = Dutch (as in the language as a noun)
het Engels = English (again, the language as a noun)
opgenomen = incorporated / included
zoals = such as / like (when starting a list, not as in a social media favourite)
jacht = yacht (literally “hunt”, since yachts were originally light and fast sail ships to hunt enemies, like pirates)
maalstroom = whirlpool or maelstrom (archaic spelling, literally “malen” (to grind) + “stroom” (stream))
kielhalen = keelhauling (a punishment where the victim was dragged underneath the hull on a ship, “kiel” = keel (a stabilising fin underneath a ship) + “halen” (to drag, to haul))
schipper = skipper (commander of a ship (Dutch: “schip”) Hope this helps!

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Auto’s

Probably the most popular form of transport out there: cars (or automobiles)! The wordlist is interesting today!

zelfstandig = independent
bewegende = moving
voertuigen = vehicles
hoewel = although
de meeste(n) = most (on it’s own, the n is added if “most” applies to people)
brandstoffen = fuels (literally: brand = burn(able)/fire (as an event), stof(fen) = dust (in this case a colloquial for “matter”)
rijden = to run/to ride (also: to drive)
electriciteit = electricity
in opkomst = on the rise/emerging
opkomst = arrival / turnout / rise / emerge

Hope this helps!

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Openbaar vervoer

The first one for this thematic week and we learn several words!

kent = knows
uitgebreid = extensive
openbaar = public
vervoer = transport
bestaande = existing / consisting
onder andere(n) = among other(s) (literally: under other(s)) treinen = trains
bussen = buses
metro’s = subways (the ‘s happens with pluralising words ending in a vowel)

Hope this helps!

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Vervoersmiddelen

Next week we’re going to have another thematic week, this one related to transport!

The wordlist:
volgende = next
weer = again
verschillende = different
vervoersmiddelen = means of transport
hebben = to have

Hope this helps!

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Ui & eu

Another one related to sounds in the Dutch language. Soon I’ll make a more extended video on YouTube, where it’s easier to skip to or review the parts you want to practice on.

Wordlist:

ui = onion (yes, it wasn’t specified in the video, but if you know the sound, you know the word “onion”, although some regions use “ajuin”)
buiten = outside
kuiken = baby and/or juvenile bird (most often chicken)
beuken = beech trees (plural) or beech wood
beuken = to bash / batter / trash / thump

Hope this helps!

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Uu & G/ch

Maybe I should’ve done these videos sooner, to help you with the other/earlier videos… oh well!
Sorry if the information goes a bit fast, but I have to cram everything in under a minute. Would you folks be interested in having longer versions on YouTube?

The words in this video are pretty similar to their English counterparts, so no wordlist today.
Bonus practice word: argument (as in “an attempt to persuade”) Hope this helps!

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A & aa

In Dutch there are two ways to pronounce the a: “a” (short a) and “aa” (long a). In this quick video I’ll show you how I pronounce them.

Something which isn’t addressed in the video is that the plural of a word with “aa” keeps the same sound, even though it shows a single a, example: ik raad en jullie raden.
A word with a “short a”, for example “wad” (meaning mudflat), will have the consonant doubled, in our example: wadden (mudflats). Confusingly some short a words, like “bad” (bath) shift to a long a in plural: baden (baths).
In general, if a plural has a single consonant it’ll probably have a “long aa” when said, if it has a double consonant (example: “bassen”) it’ll be a “short a”. Yeah, inconsistencies make learning languages “fun”. The words:

rad = wheel (also “wiel”)
raad = council (both “advice” as well as “a group leading a company or municipality”, also “guess”)
bas = bass or playing bass
baas = boss
kwartaal = quarter of a year (multiple quarters will be “kwartalen” (say: kwar-TAA-len)) Hope this helps!

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